Glaucoma causes damage to the optic nerve with few or no initial symptoms. Glaucoma can be associated with higher-than-normal pressure inside the eye. Glaucoma cannot be completely prevented but if diagnosed early, treatment can help control the condition and limit its effects. If untreated, glaucoma causes loss of your peripheral vision and eventually blindness. Factors such as age, race, family history, and previous medical conditions can all contribute to developing glaucoma.


What causes glaucoma?

Glaucoma is often caused by a buildup of pressure inside the eye, which can be due to blocked fluid drainage or overproduction of fluid. Other factors such as genetics, age, ethnicity, and certain medical conditions can also contribute to glaucoma.

What are the types of glaucoma?

The two main types of glaucoma are open-angle glaucoma, which progresses slowly over time, and angle-closure glaucoma, which can develop suddenly and requires immediate medical attention.

How is glaucoma diagnosed?

Glaucoma is diagnosed through a comprehensive eye exam that includes measuring intraocular pressure, assessing the optic nerve for damage, visual field testing, and evaluating the angle where the iris meets the cornea.

How is glaucoma treated?

Glaucoma treatment aims to lower intraocular pressure to prevent further damage to the optic nerve. Treatment options may include prescription eye drops, oral medications, laser therapy, or surgery, depending on the type and severity of glaucoma. Regular monitoring and follow-up appointments are crucial to managing glaucoma effectively.



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